View of Parque Bolivar from the roof of our hotel

“What do you want to do for your birthday?” John asked me a while back. I didn’t have to ponder this question for long. “Well, let’s go to Panama City and play. We never get to do that. And I want to really dig in and explore Casco Viejo.” I got my wish last weekend — and to top it off, the timing gods smiled on us and we were able to pick up our permanent visas from the Migración office in the city. We’ll cover that experience in a separate post, but here’s our perspective on Casco Viejo (in English, Old Quarter), Panama’s historic district.

Casco Viejo was established in 1673 when the locals had to start over from scratch after the pirate Henry Morgan (yeah, the Captain Morgan rum guy) sacked and burned the original settlement of Panamá. (The ruins of that site, Panamá Viejo, are also well worth a visit, but we saved it for another time.)

Fast-forward a couple of centuries and Casco Viejo, a gem of colonial architecture and the cradle of Panamá’s more recent heritage, had basically fallen into wrack and ruin. We visited there in 2004 when we first arrived in Panamá on our boat, and restoration efforts were just getting underway. Gangs had taken over and squatters were squatting, and it was a pretty sketchy place to walk around in, especially at night. The gangs had moved out and (for the most part) cleaned up their act, and things were a lot better when we came back in 2014, but even then the tourist police were warning us not to go down certain streets.

What a difference three years makes. On this trip, we were gobsmacked by so many beautifully restored buildings, wearing their distinct architectural styles and fresh coats of paint like girls at the prom. With its mixture of perfectly restored buildings alongside “diamonds in the rough” and complete ruins, Casco Viejo reminds us a bit of Montevideo, Uruguay, and the old quarter in Havana, Cuba. Casco Viejo was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and is therefore subject to very strict rules for restorations. Building owners are required to preserve the original structure and floor plan of the building, in addition to many other restrictions; as a result, restoration and reconstruction is up to four times more expensive in Casco Viejo than in other parts of the city. This means there are still plenty of empty and derelict buildings waiting their turn to be sold and restored, with a fair number of others in various states of reconstruction.

But overall, Casco is a dazzling showcase of colonial architecture and a real source of pride for Panamanians. The streets are spotless and it’s safe to walk around at any time of the day or night. There’s a strong police presence and lots of surveillance cameras, and it doesn’t hurt that Panamá’s Presidential Palace is located there (in fact, it’s a block over from the hotel where we stayed). There are a large number of churches in various states of restoration, including the Metropolitan Cathedral, which is getting a facelift in time for a visit by Pope Francis next year. Casco Viejo is also becoming known as Panama’s restuarant and nightlife mecca, with many great eateries and rooftop lounges that offer panoramic views of both the neighborhood and the city skyline behind it. 

All of this has come at a price, and to say Casco Viejo is going upscale is an understatement. The owner of the apartment we stayed in told us that CV is the new hipster area and rents are the highest in all of Panama City. Even so, John the travel planner extraordinaire figured out how to make our trip really cost-effective. Since it’s off-season, we found a good deal on lodging through, right on the Plaza Bolivar with a nice rooftop view of Casco Viejo and the Panama City skyline as a backdrop. John also purchased Oferta Simple deals for almost every restaurant we visited. (Oferta Simple is Panama’s version of Groupon, the popular online discount coupon service that’s familiar to many North Americans.)

The Panama skyline is a backdrop to Casco
Detail, old theater
Stairway to . . ..?
They call this the “ship building.” It’s now a home for the elderly.
The ruined Iglesia Santo Domingo
I love the textures in this one
A beautifully restored apartment building
Another restored building with a Carribbean flair
Plaza Herrera with its namesake and the American Trade Hotel
The lovely Iglesia de la Merced at night
The stunning mosaic altar in the Iglesia de la San Francis de Asis. It’s made of something like 130,000 crystal fragments.
A pair of Kuna ladies. The Kunas are among Panama’s many distinct indigenous groups.
These kids were playing some sort of game with some kids below on the street
“Ice rolls” – a not-to-be-missed treat at Ay Mi Negra
The Hotel Colombia, which is now chopped up into small apartments. We stayed in one.
The Hotel Central, designed by a U.S. architect in 1874, just as the French attempt at building the canal was getting underway.
The fabled golden altar in Iglesia San Jose, which survived Henry Morgan’s raid after the priests painted it black
Pickup football game
Casco at dusk, with the skyline behind
We happened on a drum festival near Plaza Herrera
Love this old doorway
Diablo Sucio mask at Diablicos restaurant
A Kuna woman prepares her wares. Lots of colorful molas for sale


  1. We enjoyed Casco Viejo. There is a lot of construction work going on, but there was still atmosphere. It certainly was an enjoyable day just wondering around getting lost. Your photos bring back some great memories.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      I’m glad! We’re loving your pics from Spain – that and Portugal are coming closer on our radar screen.

  2. Penny Tracey Reply

    Great photos and story! Happy Birthday and Congrats on the Visa! Penny and Bill

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, P&B! Love you.

  3. ‘painted like girls at the prom,’ I love it. Love the dirty devil, too. Great piece, we loved CV as well, and maybe the only part of PC we’d ever consider living in, but we can’t afford it! Keep ’em coming, and happy birthday, again!

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      We feel the same about Casco – we could live there if it were more affordable, but it’s starting to feel pretty congested. Nice place to visit, in other words. Thanks for the happy birthday 🙂

  4. Mary Lea (Mimi) Reply

    You’ve done it again–let us ride along with you on your trip! Loved every word and picture!

  5. Looks like you had a wonderful birthday travel! Happy belated birthday! The buildings are intriguing to see, especially the ship lookalike building. I hope they still maintain the old section of the city, as it is very special.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you for the birthday greetings! It was fun. I think we can expect Casco to continue improving – it really is the jewel of Panama City.

  6. Congratulations on the permanent visas, John and Susan. You have ARRIVED! And a belated happy birthday too. 🙂 We spent our last four days in Panama in Casco Viejo in July of 2014 and loved it – the restored buildings as well as the sorry, skeletons that have such promise. We even entertained the idea of moving there for a short time – about half an hour until we figured out the costs! How great that you were able to get some discounts with Oferta Simple. CV was (a bit) spendy!!! Anita

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, Anita! It’s a great feeling to be “legal” in our adopted country. We agree that Casco would be interesting but living there might get old – the prices, the lack of parking, the night life.

Your comments make our day!

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Pin It

Discover more from Latitude Adjustment

Subscribe now to keep reading and get access to the full archive.

Continue reading