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All over the Sacred Valley, we saw these “Pucara Bull” ornaments on the tops of homes and businesses. They’re said to bring good fortune to the residents.

So many places, so little time. It’s the big conundrum of travel: if you spend too much time in one place, what will you miss that’s just around the bend? As John likes to say, the sand is slipping through the hourglass.

Even so, we didn’t get to spend nearly enough time in the Peru’s Sacred Valley. We were in Cusco for four days to acclimate to the altitude before our Inca Trail/Machu Picchu adventure, and then stayed in Ollantaytambo for three days afterward. Now, the Sacred Valley has joined the long list of places to which we hope to return. Maybe . . .

So what’s so sacred about the Sacred Valley? For starters, it’s the cradle of civilization for the fabled and long-disappeared Inca empire. It’s also known as the Urubamba Valley, since it traces the Urubamba River for 60 miles all the way to Machu Picchu. Although MP is by far the most significant and famous archaeological site in the valley, there are many important ruins: Moray, Ollantaytambo, and Pisac, to name a few.

Four Days in Cusco

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Cusco’s main square, the Plaza de Armas

Most people think of Cusco as the beginning of the Sacred Valley, although it’s 12 miles away at its closest point and not actually in the valley. In fact, Cusco’s elevation is about 600 meters higher than Ollantaytambo. At 3,400 meters, Cusco was ideal for us to acclimate to the altitudes that we’d be experiencing on the Inca Trail trek (read all about that adventure here and here).

Cusco is the historical capital of the Inca empire. Most people agree that its name comes from “Qosqo,” a Quechua word that means “belly button” or “centre,” as in the centre of the Inca world. There’s no denying this city’s strategic importance, first to the Inca and then to the conquering Spanish, who built their own churches and mansions on top of those of their Inca predecessors.

Cusco is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the Western Hemisphere. Walking its streets gave us a deep sense of humanity and our own mysterious place in it. We loved our time there but barely scratched the surface of all there is to see in this beautiful city.

Three Days in Ollantaytambo

The town of Ollantaytambo is also home to the huge Inca archeological site of the same multisyllabic name. (Oy-yan-tay-tam-bo – try saying that five times fast!) Sprawling up the steep hills surrounding the town, this complex of ruins was once a royal estate for Pachacuti, the Incas’ most famous ruler and the architect of Cusco. But it was also one of the last Inca holdouts from the encroaching Spanish, who did their best to wipe this thriving indigenous culture off the map. It’s a sad history, and one that has been repeated in every Latin American country. Thankfully, the Inca culture lives on in the lovely, hard-working, and colorful Quechua people.

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View of Ollantaytambo from one of the hillside complexes of ruins. On the opposite mountain are more structures, thought to be used for grain storage.

Today, Ollanta, as the locals call it (I guess the tongue twister gets too much sometimes even for them!) is a crossroads for tourists and the gateway to Machu Picchu, since it’s the last stop for the trains ferrying folks up to MP for day visits. But in many ways, a visit to Ollanta is like taking a step back in time. Many of the homes are original Inca dwellings that are still occupied by local residents. You can spend hours walking the cobbled streets and catching sneak peaks through ancient stone doorways, where you might glimpse cooking over wood fires and pet cuys (guinea pigs) scurrying around on the floor. (Yes, it’s true, those pets are a delicacy and usually end up on the dinner table at some point.)

Ollanta is also an important center for the Andean folk who live high up in the surrounding mountains, and they converge on the town for market days and other important events. In the serendipity department, we were very lucky to arrive in Ollanta on election day and witness masses of Quechua-speaking Andeans in their fabulous, colorful traditional dress. It was so much fun that we wrote a separate post about it.

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The Andean people queuing up to cast their ballots in Ollantaytambo

On our last full day in Ollanta, we hired a taxi to drive us to some of the other points of interest in the Sacred Valley. These included the incredible and mysterious Moray architectural site, the high-elevation town of Chinchero, the salt pans of Maras, and the ruins of Pisac.

While all of these are worthy of a return visit and a longer stay, we especially wish we’d had more time in Pisac – not just to further explore the incredible ruins but also to spend more time at the renowned Pisac market. We’ll be back!


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    Ollantaytambo view from our hotel, the Casa Blanca
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Typical street in Ollanta. The homes on the right use original Inca foundations.
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I’ll bet this lovely lady has some stories to tell!
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Cute Andean kiddos
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The enigmatic Moray site. The theory goes that the Incas used this site for agricultural experimentation, since the temperature at the top rings can be as much as 15 degrees cooler than the bottom.
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A lovely old door in the town of Maras
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This monument in the central parque of Maras pays tribute to the Moray site and other important Inca ruins
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The incredible Maras salt pans, where salt has been continuously mined for five centuries
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The salt is mined by hand at Maras, just as they’ve done it for 500 years.
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The high-altitude town of Chinchero, home to world-famous weaving cooperatives
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Entrance to main square, Chinchero
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Weavers at one of the cooperatives demonstrate their craft
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This lady explained the various plant sources that they use for the vivid colors of the yarn
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Typical Chinchero street, many centuries old.
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We spotted this altar in a little alcove in Chinchero.
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The incredible, sprawling Inca site at Pisac

Our Sacred Valley Tips

We loved both of our hotels – the Hotel Archangel in Cusco and the Casa Blanca Lodge in Ollantaytambo. Both are reasonable, centrally located, and include breakfast. Casa Blanca in particular was very accommodating – we spent the night before our Inca Trail trek there, and they stored our luggage during the trek. We spent three more nights there after the trek, and then they arranged an oh-dark-30 pickup to take us to the Wanchaq PeruRail station in Cusco. (Now, there’s another story – the fantastic train ride we took from Cusco to Puno and Lake Titicaca. Read about it here.)

Another great find was Taxidatum, a private ground transportation service that we used not only in the Sacred Valley but in Lima. Taxidatum picked us up at the airport in Cusco and drove us to our hotel, and then drove us to Ollantaytambo the day before our Inca Trail trek.

There’s so much to love about Taxidatum. You make all your reservations and prepay online, and they follow up with WhatsApp confirmations and reminders. They’re extremely punctual, the cars are clean, and the drivers are professional. FYI – we also used a Taxidatum driver to take us to the points of interest mentioned above on our last day in the Sacred Valley.


Hotel Archangel
Casa Blanca Lodge

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    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks so much! Loved your post – it just makes us want to get back to the Sacred Valley all that much more.

  1. Your “sand slipping through the hourglass” intro was a great reference to making the most of the time we have and it’s clear that you and John are making your time count! Wonderful photos and I especially enjoyed this post as Cusco, Ollantatambo and the multitude of other locations you mentioned here are destinations that deserve more attention, even when compared to MP. Unfortunately, during our time in Peru, we weren’t able to visit this area since the altitude was a problem for my husband but you have me thinking about a future trip now. It’s clear that you could spend several weeks in this area exploring and learning about the Incas and never tire of its magic! Anita P.S. Did you try the cuy?

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, Anita! Finally getting caught up on comments 🙂 I think you definitely need to make a trip back to Peru. We feel like we barely scratched the surface of everything to see there. And yes, we tried the cuy (John enjoyed it more than I!). It’s crazy that the little buggers are family pets, crawling around on the floor one minute, and then on the dinner table the next minute. I can’t quite get my head around that . . .

  2. Great post. We loved Peru, we were there for 3 weeks last year. Your post has brought back some great memories 😄

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Glad you enjoyed it! Peru is such an amazing country.

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