“¡Cuando un silletero pasa, es Antioquia la que pasa!”
– Crowd chant at the Parade of Silleteros, 2019 Medellín Feria de las Flores
It means: “When a silletero passes, it’s Antioquia that passes!” The silletero is one of the most potent symbols of Antioquia, the huge Colombian province that includes Medellín as its largest city. Silleteros and their burdens are central players in the biggest event on the Medellín calendar, the Feria de las Flores, held every year in early August.
So what’s a silletero, you ask?
To answer that question, here’s a bit of Antioquian history. The first thing you should know is that “silla” is the Spanish word for chair. So a “silletero” literally means someone who carries a chair on his or her back.
The sillatero tradition has its roots in Santa Elena, one of the pretty towns in the Andes heights overlooking Medellín. Santa Elena is also a huge flower-growing region, which has a big bearing on this story. Going back to colonial times, silleteros were men who carried sick and elderly people – and sometimes, extremely lazy noblemen and dignitaries – down from the mountains in chairs on their backs. Early silleteros were thought to be slaves and indigenous folk who had little choice but to take up this (literally) back-breaking labor.
As time went on and the flower trade grew, the silleteros’ role evolved to transport fresh-cut flowers, not people, down into the markets in Medellín. In the 1950s, Medellín civic leaders created the Feria de las Flores to honor the silleteros and the growing flower trade, which today is a huge part of the Colombian economy. The world buys about $1.35 billion worth of Colombian flowers every year, making the country the world’s second-largest producer of cut flowers after The Netherlands.
This year’s Feria de las Flores was the biggest ever, a 12-day extravaganza with more than 400 events of all sizes held all over the Medellin area. Huge parades! Street fairs! Musical performances! Beauty queens! Stunning floral displays! As a true celebration of the Paisa culture (Paisas being folks from Antioquia), the Feria literally offers something for everyone.
Since this was our first Feria, we were determined to participate as much as possible. Here were our top three events.
The Desfile de Autos Classicos
This sprawling parade of classic cars drew an estimated crowd of a million people (!) and covered a bigger route than even the grand-finale Desfile de los Silleteros. More than 500 vehicles participated this year, complete with drivers and riders in period dress. There were some real gems!
Feria de Orquideas, Flores y Artesanias
No Medellín Flower Festival would be complete without a celebration of orchids, the national flower of Colombia. This spectacular exposition took over the Medellín Botanical Garden with one of the most stunning displays of orchids and other exotic flowers that we’ve ever seen. It absolutely knocked our socks off!
The Desfile de los Silleteros
This spectacular parade is the grand finale of the Feria de las Flores and is always held on the final Sunday. This year’s parade featured more than 550 silleteros and other participants and drew well over a million on-site spectators as well as a massive TV audience. The silleteros were judged in five different categories for their silletas, the flower displays they carried on their backs. Each silleta is a work of art, and some are astonishingly HUGE and elaborate.
Our bleacher seats were very near the end of the parade route, and one thing that struck us was how tired many of the silleteros were after carrying the heavy silletas for such a long distance. Some of the silleteros are quite elderly, but it seemed a huge matter of pride that they could persevere until the end. Fortunately, teams of scouts walked with them to lend a helping hand if necessary.
Medellín’s Feria de Las Flores: A Not-to-Be-Missed Event
If you’re planning a trip to Medellín next year, the Feria de Las Flores is a great time to come. The 2020 event starts on July 31 and culminates in the big sillatero parade on August 9. Be sure you book early – people come from all over the world to attend this emblematic event and get a firehose-sized dose of Paisa and Antioquia culture. Watch this website for more information and scheduling as it becomes available.
Great stuff, as usual. Good info, too, stuff we never knew after being here almost three years! Keep ’em coming!
Thanks, you two 🙂
Adore the post. So wish we’d had the energy to attend the parade the day that we arrived in your great city …but glad I got to experience it here. Great photos. Ahoy from Salamina
Ha – we were impressed you even wanted to try and attend, after all you’d just done! Salamina – you really are seeing the Colombian countryside. Can’t wait to hear all about it 🙂
We LOVED Salamina but sadly couldn’t get to San Felix due to road repairs. Just outside of Salento now staying at a charming little Coffee Finca (El Ocasa).
Oh those flowers are just glorious! What an incredible festival to witness. I hadn’t realised that Colombia was such a big exporter of flowers. Definitely another reason to want to visit. Thanks so much for sharing on #farawayfiles
You are so welcome – glad you enjoyed it!
Thank you for your comment! Hope you get to experience Colombia someday 🙂
Wow! This looks like a kind of festival I’d immensely enjoy. I didn’t know that Colombia is the world’s second-largest producer of cut flowers, and that is astounding. Thanks for introducing us to this fascinating, colorful festivity!
Glad you enjoyed it, Bama!
This is very really unique helpful information. keep it up. Thank you so much
You are so welcome! Hope you get to see the Feria someday – it’s spectacular.