Latitude Adjustment note: Here’s Part 2 of the three-blog series from our friends Sunny and Kevin Branson, who visited the headquarters of Wildlife SOS  on a Founders’ Trip to India earlier this year. (Don’t miss Part 1: The Elephants of India’s Wildlife SOS.) In this post, Sunny describes  the Agra Bear Sanctuary and the amazing turnaround story of the sloth bears. Enjoy!


Sloth-Bear-shot Guest Post: The Sloth Bears of India's Wildlife SOS India By Sunny Branson

Another highlight of the Wildlife SOS Founders’ Trip for Kevin and me was visiting the Agra Bear Sanctuary. Bears are where it all began for me, and for Wildlife SOS too! The Agra Bear Rescue Facility is the largest sloth bear rescue center in the world. Most of these bears have been rescued from the “dancing bear” practice that I mentioned in Part 1, and they have the scars on their muzzles to prove it.

About Sloth Bears

The Indian Sloth Bear has a shaggy black coat, long muzzle, protruding lip, and a distinct white V-shaped patch on the chest. Their diet consists of fruits, berries, flowers, honeycombs, larvae, and insects. But they love termites. So much so, that these bears have developed floppy lips and a gap between their front teeth to “vacuum” up termites. They can also close their nostrils to keep insects from getting up their nose while eating. They get their name from their long, curved claws similar to a sloth’s claws. These claws allow the bears to penetrate termite mounds, which can be rock hard.

For more than 400 years, sloth bears had been poached by the Kalandar community for use as dancing bears to entertain the emperors during the Mughal era. Over centuries, as the kingdoms in India disappeared, the dancing-bear trade became a cheap roadside entertainment for villagers and tourists. With no anesthesia, a red hot poker rod would be driven through the muzzle of the baby bear. A rope would then be strung through the painful piercing, and tugged to induce “dancing” on demand; for many bears, a life at the end of a rope was all they ever knew.

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With cooperation from government officials and partner organizations, Wildlife SOS has been able to eradicate the dancing bear practice, having rescued and rehabilitated more than 620 dancing bears. These bears are now living peacefully at the WSOS sanctuaries and will never again have to endure cruelty.

This sanctuary is a dream for bears. While it will never replace a wild habitat, WSOS does everything it can to simulate what the bears would have in the wild, plus some added man-made enrichments. The bears have trees to climb, jungle-gyms, tire swings, pools, and so much more. Most importantly, they have people who have their best interests at heart.

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Kevin delivers porridge and fruit to the bears.

We toured the facility and distributed breakfast to the bears. I was taken by their huge, silly personalities. The bears were playful with each other and eager for food, some of them pouncing around in excitement as they watched us approach. I loved listening to the caretakers, who talk about the bears as if they’re their children. They know the bears’ personalities, idiosyncrasies, and habits, and could identify the sounds they make and what they might mean.

Baby Rose

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Rose, a true survivor

I had a mission at the bear sanctuary. I had to find Rose, who I’d followed since her rescue in 2016. She was rescued as a baby, found with a bloody stub instead of a paw, which was severed by a vicious jaw trap. She cowered for weeks, unsure of her situation and missing her mother, who is thought to have been killed. Once Rose learned she was in a safe place, she started exploring, limping around using her muzzle as her missing leg.

Today, at WSOS, Rose is a fit and healthy bear who can climb trees better than most! Here’s a video that tells Rose’s story:

Rose has many friends at the sanctuary but she and Elvis are especially close. Side note: Rose’s plight inspired WSOS to petition Amazon India to remove hundreds of animal snares and traps from its site. And they were successful!

Thoughts of a Bear Biologist

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Wes in his happy place

Wes Larson, a bear biologist as well as the host of Great Big Story’s Mission Wild, was a participant on the Founder’s Trip. His testament meant more to me than anything.

He said, “Generally when I go to a preserve, rescue, or zoo, I can quickly tell if captive bears are being treated well. I can honestly say I’ve never seen happier-looking bears than I met at the Wildlife SOS Agra Bear Sanctuary. With their tortuous past behind them, these sloth bears were too habituated to people to be released to the wild, but now get to live in a safe and beautiful enclosure with tons of enrichment and natural habitat. It made me emotional to think about where they had been and where they are now, and I can’t say enough about the positive impact that Kartick and Geeta and the rest of the team have made on the species.”


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Kevin was able to have some one-on-one time with a bear named Mowgli, and he said this brief experience was the highlight of the trip for him. Mowgli was found at just 10 weeks old orphaned and struggling to nurse from the body of his mother who was electrocuted by poachers. He was initially scared and confused, terrified of humans and cried endlessly.

With time, Mowgli learned to trust his keepers and the vets. He is now the most outgoing and silly bear at the sanctuary relishing in his interaction with humans. He’s another rising star of target training. He will present his mouth so the vets can check his teeth, and will present his paw if drawing blood is necessary. Thankfully, he is a very healthy bear, so doesn’t need medical treatment, but he’s been a perfect model for helping the keepers learn how to use target training on bears. (In our first post, we described how the keepers at the elephant facility are using target training with Laxmi the elephant, to great success.)

The Weasleys

Another highlight at the bear sanctuary was meeting the Weasleys. These cubs were named after the Weasley family from Harry Potter: Ron, Ginny, and Charlie. They were seized from poachers near the Indo-Nepal border in a covert operation with Forest Watch. The bears required extensive medical treatment after suffering significant trauma and abuse.

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The Weasley family in their enclosure

You wouldn’t know that to see them now! The day we were there, the Weasley family entertained the group from a high-rise path overlooking their enclosure. They climbed on hammocks, mock-fought with each other, and played with enrichments, which kept them engaged and curious.

Watch this video of the Weasleys and you’ll see what I mean.

My sponsored bear, Ginny!

When I got home from India, I decided to sponsor one of the Weasleys – Ginny! Ginny is the youngest and the introvert of the lot. Ginny is on a special diet including fruits, honey laced porridge, nuts, and dates. There’s also a steady routine of multivitamin supplements provided to keep up her strength and regain the luster of her black coat.

Ginny is quite curious, and her first few weeks at WSOS were spent exploring every nook and
cranny of her enclosure. The introduction to enrichments was a very pleasant surprise for her.
After that, it was impossible to distract her from them. Ginny and her best friends spend a lot of
time climbing up trees and enjoying their hammocks.

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Ginny with her enrichment ball, meant to keep her busy for a long time trying to control its motion with her paws to get the treats out

Being a sponsor, I get updates on Ginny via email, like this one, “Ginny ambled over to the pit she dug the day before – it has been filled with hay by her keepers – she turned it into a snuggly bed and flopped down. She squints as Ron suddenly mock-charges Charlie and her, gets up to avoid the bouncing pair, and finds another quiet spot in a sunny patch to rest. Nothing could get her too excited on such a wonderful day.”

I love the personal connection I feel sponsoring a specific animal.


While Wildlife SOS has eradicated the dancing-bear practice in India, poaching of cubs continues due to demands across the border, so they can’t let their guard down. Also, donations for the bears has tapered off dramatically.

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Kevin is a willing donor

People are great to rally around a rescue-operation with donations, but now that all the bears are rescued, WSOS doesn’t have much income for the bears. It’s concerning because they still need to care for the bears’ day-to-day needs. I thought an organization like this must get some government funding, but it turns out they are 100% dependent on donations.

In addition to the sanctuaries, Wildlife SOS cares for wild bear populations. They treat bears caught in human/wildlife conflicts, and those injured by snares or poachers. When they can, they release them back into the wild once they are rehabilitated.

Our Turn to Help

Kevin and I were so taken with the bears, we’ve decided to help. We each made a single donation to the bear program, and, as I mentioned before, I became a monthly sponsor of Ginny Weasley. Kevin also became a monthly donor but without specifying a particular animal.

Monthly sponsorships are an important way for WSOS to care for the animals, giving them the opportunity to budget and plan so the animals get everything they need. Info on sponsoring can be found on the Wildlife SOS sponsorship page.

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Kartick, co-founder of Wildlife SOS, and me. Check out my sloth bear t-shirt!


The Agra Bear Sanctuary was an experience I’ll never forget. The veterinarians and vet facilities are top-notch and the staff had clear devotion to their wards. Geeta and Kartick were with us each day providing unique insight into the beginning of Wildlife SOS and their love for these bears.

Stay tuned for Part 3 of the Founders Trip – Ranthambore Safari (and my Top 5 Tips you won’t find in the guide books!)





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    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      I’m sure there’s a good reason why these bears can’t be release to the wild. Rose, for instance, is missing a paw. If Sunny sees this comment, maybe she can expand. Thanks, amigos!

    • Sunny Branson Reply

      I feel the same way! We’d like them all to return to the wild. Unfortunately, that’s not always possible. For example, with the dancing bears, many had their teeth smashed so could never survive in the wild. Many were so abused they have serious mental issues. And most of them were poached as babies, so were never able to develop essential survival skills.

      There are other cases where the bear was rescued because of a human/wildlife conflict, or because it had fallen into a well. In those cases, Wildlife SOS treats them and (if deemed healthy) releases them. A wild animal release is always a big celebration. It’s what they hope for all bears and other wild animals.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you for visiting! Yes, a real “feel-good” story, when we could all use one 🙂

  1. Fantastic info. I am a big animal fan, especially in their native habitat. Have been on several African safaris. Thanks for this info about an animal unknown to me

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      You are so welcome. We are so grateful to Sunny and Kevin for providing this great information and piquing our interest in Wildlife SOS!

  2. Such great information, and awesome photos.
    We have a wildlife sanctuary near us that also take in bears and cubs. When at all possible, the bears/cubs are nursed back to health and carefully released back into the wild with a tracker. The tracking devices have shown great success in teh releases. However, as Sunny has stated above, this is not always possible.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      It must be a really difficult balance for conservationists to figure out how best to help the animals – whether they’d be better off in the wild or in captivity. I think the bears of Wildlife SOS have an awesome life, for sure!

  3. It’s so heartbreaking when we hear that the abuse and poaching still goes on. Thank you for sharing your experience and information about this amazing place. As animal lovers, both on land and below the waves, nothing tugs on our heart strings more than mistreated and exploited animals.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you for visiting and for your comment! Yes, stories about animals always get our attention before any others – especially success stories. Wildlife SOS is such an inspiration, and such an example for other conservation groups.

    • Sunny Branson Reply

      Thanks for reading Lynnette! I appreciate your nice comments.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you for visiting and reading, Alison!

  4. Call me cynical, but I’ve seen plenty of so-called sanctuaries before, so I had to do a little digging. And I’m so glad I did, wow, WSOS really are an amazing organisation, hats off to them for all that they do for these bears. And thank you for publicising their efforts too. Next time we visit India we’ll definitely be heading here.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      No “so-called sanctuaries” allowed on this blog – ha! We’re really careful about the organizations we promote, especially animal-related ones. So glad you’re going to put WSOS on the list for your next visit – we hope we get to see it someday, too. Thanks for reading, amiga!

    • Sunny Branson Reply

      Hi NickyMacke – Good for you for doing your research! As a board member I was interested to see how their money was being spent, and I was so impressed. I was also taken with how incredibly humble they are and how grateful they are for everyone who helps them — from someone who donates an item to their auction, to a monthly donor, to the people on the Founders Trip with me. It was really inspiring.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you for visiting our blog! Yes, we’d love to see the sloth bears someday – it’s high on our list. And thanks also for the link to the wildlife sanctuary. Great info.

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