Strolling ‎⁨Cacimba do Padre⁩ (Well of the Priest) Beach with the Dos Irmaos (Two Brothers) in the background

Fernando de Noronha was a dream.

Of all the destinations on our July trip to Brazil, this magical island was our favorite. Fernando de Noronha (or just Noronha to the locals) is the largest of 21 volcanic islets situated 350 kilometers (218 miles) off the northeastern coast of Brazil. Thanks to its isolation, Noronha is home to a thriving and diverse ecosystem of fauna and flora, both land and sea. As such, the island is a highly protected nature preserve with tough conservation laws. And it’s a little slice of heaven.

First “discovered” back in 1503 by the Portuguese, Fernando de Noronha was a penal colony from the 18th century to the 1950s. During World War II, the U.S. military built an airport on the island that provided a transoceanic link to supply the Allies’ campaign in Africa. The airport was transferred to the Brazilian government after the war and still serves visitors to this day. Praia do Americano (American Beach) gets its name from the erstwhile U.S. presence on Noronha.

Thankfully, in 1988 the Brazilian government stepped in and designated more than 70% of the Fernando de Noronha archipelago as a maritime national park. The area became a UNESCO World Heritage site in 2001. Both measures guarantee that the INCREDIBLE sugar-sand beaches, amazing volcanic rock formations, and huge variety of marine life are (hopefully) safeguarded in perpetuity.

Here are our highlights from our brief visit to Noronha. As usual, some of the photos are in galleries – just click on the first to click through larger versions of each.

Baía dos Porcos

There really are no words to describe Baía Dos Porcos (Bay of Pigs) – and these photos don’t do it justice. We reached this spectacular place as part of a small tour group, first traversing three other (spectacular) beaches: Bode, Quixaba, and Cacimba do Padre. At the western end of Cacimba do Padre, we climbed up a rock outcropping for a breathtaking view of the Dos Irmaos (Two Brothers), one of Noronho’s signature geologic formations. From there, we also had a panoramic view of Baía Dos Porcos. To get down to the little beach of Porcos, we had to scramble down more rocks – this time wearing helmets handed out by park service employees, since there had been rock falls in the area recently. (NOTE: Visitors are only allowed to access Baía Dos Porcos at low tide.) This is easily one one of the most beautiful places we’ve ever visited!

Praia Sancho

Most Brazilians know about Praia Sancho, even if they haven’t been to Fernando de Noronha. It’s often named Brazil’s best beach and routinely makes it onto lists of the world’s most beautiful. It was here that we had the most fantastic snorkeling experience of the entire trip, spotting rays, turtles, a seahorse, a friendly octopus, lots of healthy coral, and brilliant reef fish the size of dinner plates. Bonus: I had a bird dive bomb for a fish, right in front of my face. In a split second, I saw him (her?) dunk into the water, grab the fish, pop back out, and fly off. It’s been a while since we felt this close to raw nature.

Panoramic view of Sancho from the walkway high up on the bluff

Praia Sancho is teeming with aquatic and bird life because it’s extremely isolated. High bluffs ring the beach, and there are no access roads. Sancho is also off limits to boats, although they’re allowed to anchor a bit offshore to drop off snorkelers. We first had to stop at the visitor center at the top and present our national park passes. Then, our group traversed a wooden walkway for some distance before coming to a platform in which a bright yellow ladder lead down, down into a dark chasm between the rocks. I had a moment of panic, but then remembered our canyoneering experience on Dominica and figured I could handle this! We climbed down about 50 feet, only to encounter another ladder, just as tall, and a series of very steep steps before we finally set foot in Sancho’s soft sand.

Since we didn’t get any pictures of the ladder and the chasm, here’s a blog post from another traveler that describes the experience exactly. It’s not for the faint of heart.

Just – a gorgeous stretch of beach.
Sancho’s colorful crabs reminded us of the Sally LIghtfoots we saw in the Galapagos.
To get down to the beach, you have to climb two looong ladders down those bluffs to the left and then more steep stairs.

Praia do Cachorro

Praia do Cachorro (Dog Beach) won our hearts on our first evening on Noronha. It’s the beach just down from the main town of Vila dos Remédios, and it was the perfect place to stick our feet in the sand, enjoy a caipirinha or two, and watch the sun go down.

Other Praias (Beaches) We Loved

At low tide, you can scramble over the rocks at the eastern end of Praia do Cachorro to reach Praia do Meio, a pretty and self-contained beach with an excellent (but pricy) restaurant, Bar do Meio, at its far end. Cut through the restaurant to the other side, and you’ll find yourself on another of Noronha’s signature beaches, Praia da Conceição.

Pretty Praia do Meio. Bar do Meio is the building on the left.
Gorgeous Praia da Conceição lies in the shadow of the Morro do Pico, Noronha’s most recognizable geologic formation. It’s a great place to while away an afternoon.

Snorkeling and Diving

Amazing Underwater Pictures Of One Of Brazil's Best Places: Fernando De Noronha Island
We saw schools of fish and coral as brilliant as this, just snorkeling. (Image from Bored Panda‘s Noronha post)

We’re still shaking our heads a little that we didn’t go diving on Noronha. It’s known as a diving paradise and a destination for divers from around the world. But the going rate for a two-tank dive would have cost us well over twice what we’re used to paying – about $500 US for both of us. It was just too pricy; just visiting the island was already a splurge. Had we taken the plunge (so to speak), we would probably have gone with Atlantis Divers (our tour guide back in Recife had recommend them).

But honestly, the snorkeling was so fantastic that we didn’t miss diving. The best spots were Baía dos Porcos and Praia Sancho, and we also saw blizzards of fish and lots of rays at Praia Cachorro.

The Price of Paradise

All of this beauty comes at a cost, and Fernando de Noronha was easily the most expensive destination of our five-week visit to Brazil. Upon arrival, every visitor is required to pay an environmental tax of 87 Brazilian reales (about $17 US) for every day spent on the island. In addition, a National Park pass is required for each person to access many of the beaches, including Sancho and Baía dos Porcos. Good for 10 days, the pass costs 358 reales (about $72 US). Passes can be purchased online here.

The environmental tax funds beautiful and well-maintained visitor centers like this one at key beaches, as well as many other programs to help preserve the natural landscapes and conserve Noronha’s delicate ecosystem.

Expect to pay 20% more for a restaurant meal than in a comparable establishment in Recife or Natal on the mainland. One way to economize is to look for the “quilo” restaurants that charge by the kilo for what you select from the buffet. Even the higher-end restaurants offer entrees that can be shared by two people (this is commonplace throughout Brazil).

Fernando de Noronha has the full range of lodging options from hostels to very high-end resorts. Hostels really aren’t our thing, but as mid-range travelers we try to stay under $100 US per night for a hotel room. But there are few such options on Noronha. We ended up spending about $112 per night (including breakfast) at Casa do Imperador, a small inn within easy walking distance to the main town and several beautiful beaches. The room was small and crowded, but the hotel was clean and the staff very friendly and accommodating.

Getting There/Getting Around

Only about 500 visitors are allowed on Fernando de Noronha at a given moment, which means flights to the island are also somewhat limited. About 40 flights a week are available from the mainland cities of Recife, Natal, and Fortaleza. We flew Azul Airlines to Fernando de Noronha from Recife, where we had just spent four days exploring that city and neighboring Olinda. From Noronha, we took a VoePass flight to Natal, our jump-off to the beach resort area of Pipa. These two flights were our first experience with Brazil’s domestic airlines, and we were very pleased with Azul. The VoePass flight was fine, but their website is pretty useless. We ended up visiting the VoePass counter at the Recife airport to confirm our reservations.

There’s no Uber service on Noronha, but the taxis are plentiful and not too pricy (we paid about $6 from the airport to our hotel in Vila dos Remédios). You’ll also see loads of small dune buggy-type vehicles for rent, but we were told that these are expensive and uncomfortable. Noronha does have a public bus service connecting one end of the island to the other that costs about a dollar a ride. We were able to walk to several of the beaches from our hotel, and the beach tour we took on our first day provided transportation to Baía dos Porcos, Praia Sancho, and several other beautiful locations.

Other Tips

Our favorite dining experiences were Cacimba, on the road leading down to Praia Cachorro, and Mergulhão at Porto San Antonio, the perfect spot to celebrate John’s birthday. We also enjoyed Xica da Silva and Benedita. Overlooking Praia Cachorro, Bar do Cachorro is a perfect spot to watch the sunset and listen to live music.

Our small tour group with our awesome guide, Sergio

A guided tour of the island is really a must if you have only a few days on Noronha, as we did. It was the perfect way to see all of the best beaches in the national park without having to waste our time figuring out where to go and how to get there (transportation was included). We thoroughly enjoyed the Ihla Tour with Costa Noronha and met a lovely family in the bargain.

We also took a boat tour (with about 50 other loud, inebriated guests) for John’s birthday. We settled for the big boat because the small catamaran tour we wanted had just booked up. The moral is that there are plenty of options for boat tours of all sizes; just don’t wait until the last minute! Still, we had beautiful views of the beaches from the sea, we had a nice snorkel, and we were surrounded by spinner dolphins and enjoyed a fantastic sunset. It was still enjoyable!

Beach chairs and umbrellas can be rented on Praia da Conceição for about $20 per day.

Book early! Noronha is popular – and since affordable lodging options are fairly limited, they book up very far in advance. We started several months before our arrival and still had a tough time finding a suitable inn. The same goes for booking your flights.

North America/Australia travelers take note: You have only four months left to visit Brazil without a visa. After a six-year hiatus, Brazil will resume its visa requirement for all visitors from the U.S., Canada, and Australia effective January 10, 2024. E-visas will be available online and will cost $160 per traveler (ugh), but they’ll be good for 10 years

A popular spot for sunset-watching, overlooking Praia do Meio. Yes, our three days on Noronho were expensive – but worth every penny!

Next Brazil Post: SALVADOR!
A colorful, chaotic, and beautiful city that kept us on our toes.

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  1. Wonderful post with so many gorgeous photos.
    Noronha does not disappoint, it is a paradise island and fingers crossed it will always be.
    Like yourselves we loved Noronha and your post brought many wonderful memories. Thank you so much for sharing 😀

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks so much, Gilda! We have really loved exploring your home country. We hope Noronha stays “undiscovered” as well – the government is doing a good job of keeping it protected.

  2. Sigh… I think I can only dream about Noronha, maybe someday. To say the best beaches in Brazil is really something. Brazil has completely spoiled us. We’re in Turkey and although the small coves with pretty beaches look nice from a distance, they’re not great close up. They’re nothing like Brazil. Darn Lula and his visas!!! Maggie

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Never say never! Do you think you’ll ever go back to Brazil? We can’t fault Lula too much – he’s a breath of fresh air after Bolsonaro (and most Brazilians we talked to agreed). I guess the visa thing is retaliation, since the US and Canada have had restrictions on Brazilians visiting for a while. *sigh* – it’s such a shame that politics has to interfere with international travel. Thanks, Maggie!

      • I’m quite sure we’ll return to Brazil. We really loved it. We were there when the two days of elections happened – 3 or so months apart. In Amazon they were big Lula supporters, but around Recife and Fortaleza they were Bolsonaro voters. It was all peaceful though.

  3. Yellow rain warning here in Dublin this evening – I just want to be THERE in those photos!!!!

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Ugh, sorry to hear that. Hope things are better in Dublin now. And we hope you can visit Naranho someday – it really is special! Thanks for your comment 🙂

    • I loved the description of the bird nabbing a fish right before your eyes! An exceptionally beautiful place.

      • John and Susan Pazera Reply

        It was crazy. I was just snorkeling along and I heard a splash about a foot in front of my face. Surely the bird knew I was there, but it didn’t stop him. The fish I saw him take was a sergeant major (not a tiny fish). Thanks for your comment, Mimi!

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks, Rebecca! It really was like a dream.

  4. Wow. Your photos make me want to transport there, the beaches are just absolutely stunning….and so few people too, wonderful.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks, Hannah. It really was special!

  5. Liliana Garzon Reply

    Susan beautiful pictures, the color of the water amazing

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you so much, dear Lili! 🙂

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      It was! It was hard to leave there, and writing this post took me right back to Dog Beach 🙂 Thanks, Rebecca

  6. wow, easy to see why it is your favorite! Those beaches look stunning! I can’t get over the color of the water next to the rocks 🙂

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      I wish our photos did it justice! The water color was even more dazzling than this. Truly amazing!

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks, HTs! Paradise for sure.

  7. Looks like paradise, indeed! But, unfortunately not reachable or affordable for us. I assume Dog Beach did not allow dogs? 🙂 I had no idea that Americans will need a visa for Brazil again soon. That’s really too bad…

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Never say never 🙂 We didn’t see a lot of dogs on the island, in general. The visa thing really is kind of a bummer – good thing it lasts for 10 years.

  8. Fernando de Noronha really looks like a slice of heaven! I love how imposing the Dos Irmaos appear to be, and how colorful the crabs are. I guess I should go to Brazil soon before they change their mind about giving Indonesians visa-free access to visit their country.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, Bama, and apologies for my belated reply! The colors on Noronha were really out of this world. I hope you can visit Brazil soon!

  9. Oh heaven! What a beautiful place. For sure the biggest draw for me would be the snorkelling. And Susan it must have been amazing to have that bird dive for fish right in front of you!

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, Alison! It WAS heaven. I really didn’t want to leave. I was so shocked by the bird – he (she?) didn’t seem to care that I was right there. Some very precise maneuvering to hit the water a few inches from my face and still grab the fish!

  10. Not sure if my previous comment registered. If so, just delete this? I came to investigate at the same time that you were over at mine. I do like cachorros, especially spicy Brazilian ones, but sadly I doubt I’ll make it to Brazil. Loved your photos though.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thank you, Jo! Looks like you’re in your own Portuguese paradise. We’re so looking forward to seeing it for ourselves. Take care!

  11. Wow, it is gorgeous, and no doubt worth the extra expenses associated with the visit! I found the crabs to be particularly beautiful. Another great post, y’all!

  12. Ian Mackenzie Reply

    What a wonderful place that looks! We probably won’t manage to get there, unfortunately – but the way you’ve described it, we might have to reconsider.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Never say never! You two would love it there. Hope you can go someday.

  13. Fernando de Noronha does look like a paradise! Those beaches are just incredible. It seems like everywhere you looked, you found another beautiful spot. I’d love to visit one day. I would also have chosen the snorkeling experience. Those diving prices are crazy! I’m too used to Southeast Asia where it’s fairly cheap.

    • John and Susan Pazera Reply

      Thanks, Becky! Gosh, Noronha just seems like a lovely dream now 🙂 We hope you can visit someday.

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